The United States of America has gone through its own unique path of statehood formation. Far from Europe, a special system of building a country was found, which often uses non-standard approaches like online services in various spheres of life. Such non – standard approaches for Europeans also affected the education system, proving its viability, suitability and, moreover, they raised it to one of the highest world levels.
Analysts who study the educational systems of different countries and different educational and cultural centers can provide dozens of pages of information detailing the existing education system of the United States of America-its best features and certain nuances. They have new technology in use for example dissertation proofreading services, such as Editius.com. However, all of them, without exception, pay attention to one of the most significant advantages of the education system in the United States – its amazing flexibility, which makes it possible to combine the breadth of interests with obtaining deep knowledge and providing a narrow, sometimes unique specialization.
State-level education system
The educational structure of each state is unique in its own way. Each state has the right to determine it independently, depending on its own needs. The main thing is to follow the basic principles: self-government, self-financing, and other acceptable independent actions. In practice, this means that individual state committees develop regional school policies, set mandatory curriculum standards, distribute allocations among school districts, determine qualification requirements for teachers, and deal with school logistics. So, the main issues are within the competence of the states – what to teach, who teaches and for what fee, how to evaluate and transfer a student to the next class, under what conditions to hand over a certificate of education, what textbooks to use. Accordingly, if you want to study in the United States, it will be difficult for a foreign student to understand this issue without special help. However, you can always ask for help from DEC education, which will provide detailed explanations on any issue.
It should be noted that the idea of Local Self-Government of the school is defined as the main one and extremely important for the nation. The US government can only influence education issues indirectly by recommending and funding certain educational programs. That’s all! And despite this, everything works here! This is how one of the strongest and richest countries in the world functions, where the most comfortable living conditions are created and you can get an excellent education.
The content and nature of education is always determined by the requirements of society, the development of the economy, as well as the state and needs of progress. In this case, the example of Harvard looks quite striking.
The US education system is a talent education system
Americans are starting to raise their talents literally from the cradle. For the sake of a good school, child-loving Americans even change their place of residence. If, for example, a good school appears in the district, then the housing market reacts to this instantly with increased demand and, of course, an increase in rental prices, which, you will agree, looks quite unconventional.
It is profitable to be a talent in the United States, since any talent has its price here. And education in this case is a strong confirmation of this. If you look at the average annual earnings in the United States, there is a direct link between what kind of education you have and how much money you will bring home. For example, the average annual salary of a person who has a secondary special education (Associate) is 3 30 thousand, a bachelor’s degree holder – 4 47 thousand, a master’s degree–. 60 thousand, and if you are a doctor of science, then the values are already different – 1 100 thousand and above. Of course, America is a country of opportunities, and you can get high incomes without, say, higher education (which there are many examples in modern US life), but it is much easier to make a career with a diploma.
The modern education system in the United States consists of several levels: preschool institutions, general education schools (full general secondary education is 12 years of study), and post – school educational institutions-professional and higher. In the school system, various types of schools operate in parallel – public, private, as well as institutions attached to churches (approximately 15% of students receive education in them). If we dig deeper into the secondary education system, we get the following interesting figures: in public schools, the number of students per teacher is 16.1, while in private schools-12.2; about 80% of public school teachers are women, and about 50% are under the age of 40. By the way, if we are talking about teachers, then, for example, an ordinary school teacher with a bachelor’s degree in New York can receive up to 9 90 thousand a year. That’s where the work of teachers is valued! Of course, it all depends on the prestige of the school, the area in which it is located, and a number of other factors.
Training is carried out on a day, evening and distance form. The advantage of education in America is that the beginning of semesters takes place 3-4 times a year. Accordingly, you can start training at any time of year, instead of waiting for September 1. Also in the academic year, students can study not only in the autumn and spring semesters, but also in the summer. This will allow you to finish your studies faster and get a long-awaited diploma.
On a full-time basis, students attend lectures, seminars, laboratory, 3-5 times a week. Saturday, Sunday – days off. All colleges and universities typically use a five-letter scale: “A”, “B”, “C”, “D” and “F”. “A” is the highest score, “F” is the lowest, which means an unsatisfactory result.
The peculiarity of the educational process in America is the compilation of an individual schedule for each student. Upon arrival, each student can choose a list of subjects he would like to study for the next semester. Thus the student chooses the basic disciplines which correspond to the field of his specialization, and also secondary. The advantage of this form of education is that the student makes a schedule of classes, when and what disciplines he will attend, as well as exemption from compulsory attendance of unnecessary subjects (eg, ethics, history), if they are not mandatory for his field educational interests.